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Parapercis quadrispinosa  (Weber, 1913)
Taxonomic Serial No.: 170985

(Download Help) Parapercis quadrispinosa TSN 170985

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Species  
  Common Name(s): fourspined grubfish [English]
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                   SuperclassActinopterygii  – ray-finned fishes, spiny rayed fishes, poisson épineux, poissons à nageoires rayonnées  
                            OrderPerciformes  – perch-like fishes  
                               SuborderTrachinoidei  – stargazers, weevers, lottes, vives  
                                  FamilyPinguipedidae  – sandperches  
                                     GenusParapercis Bleeker, 1863 – sand-divers  
                                        SpeciesParapercis quadrispinosa (Weber, 1913) – fourspined grubfish  

  Expert: William N. Eschmeyer  
  Notes: Senior Curator and Chairman, Department of Ichthyology, California Academy of Sciences, Golden Gate Park, San Francisco, CA 94118-4599, USA   
  Reference for: Parapercis quadrispinosa    
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: Catalog of Fishes, 13-May-2004, website (version 10-May-04)  
  Acquired: 2004   
  Reference for: Parapercis quadrispinosa   
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Reference for: Parapercis quadrispinosa   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Shiino, Sueo M.  
  Publication Date: 1976   
  Article/Chapter Title: List of Common Names of Fishes of the World, Those Prevailing among English-speaking Nations   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Science Report of Shima Marineland, no. 4   
  Page(s): 262   
  Publisher: Shima Marineland   
  Publication Place: Kashikojima, Shima, Mie, Japan   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0385-1109   
  Reference for: Parapercis quadrispinosa   

 Geographic Information
  Geographic Division:    



  Comment: Eschmeyer (personal communications, July 2003, and online Catalog of Fishes, 2003) suggests that Percis tetracanthus Bleeker 1853 (preoccupied by, Labrus tetracanthus Lacepède 1801 in Percis, and apparently in Parapercis) "seems to be a separate species description" from Lacepède's. Percis quadrispinosus Weber 1913 is a replacement name for Bleeker's name, and both quadrispinosus and Lacepède's tetracanthus are listed by Eschmeyer in Parapercis. The status of Bleeker's name and of Parapercis quadrispinosa (Weber 1913) remain unclear, however  



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