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Toxolasma texasiense  (Lea, 1857)
Taxonomic Serial No.: 906954

(Download Help) Toxolasma texasiense TSN 906954

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Species  
  Synonym(s): Toxolasma texasensis (Lea, 1857)
    Toxolasma texasiensis (Lea, 1857)
    Toxolasma texasense (Lea, 1857)
    Unio texasiensis Lea, 1857
    Unio texasensis Lea, 1857
    Unio haleianus Lea, 1842
    Unio bairdianus Lea, 1857
    Unio bealei Lea, 1862
    Lampsilis texasensis compressus Simpson, 1900
  Common Name(s): Texas lilliput [English]
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
             PhylumMollusca  – mollusques, molusco, molluscs, mollusks  
                ClassBivalvia Linnaeus, 1758 – bivalves, clams, bivalves, palourdes, bivalve, mexilhão, ostra  
                   SubclassPalaeoheterodonta Newell, 1965  
                      OrderUnionoida Stoliczka, 1871  
                         SuperfamilyUnionoidea Rafinesque, 1820  
                            FamilyUnionidae Rafinesque, 1820  
                               SubfamilyAmbleminae Rafinesque, 1820  
                                  TribeLampsilini Ihering, 1901  
                                     GenusToxolasma Rafinesque, 1831  
                                        SpeciesToxolasma texasiense (Lea, 1857) – Texas lilliput  

  Reference for:    
  Other Source(s):    
  Reference for:    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Lee, Harry G.  
  Publication Date: 2006   
  Article/Chapter Title: Musings on a local specimen of Toxolasma paulum (I. Lea, 1840), the iridescent lilliput   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: The Shell-O-Gram, vol. 47, no. 5   
  Page(s): 3-6   
  Publication Place:    
  Notes: Available online at   
  Reference for: Toxolasma texasiense   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Turgeon, D. D., J. F. Quinn, Jr., A. E. Bogan, E. V. Coan, F. G. Hochberg, W. G. Lyons, et al.  
  Publication Date: 1998   
  Article/Chapter Title: Common and scientific names of aquatic invertebrates from the United States and Canada: Mollusks, 2nd ed.   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: American Fisheries Society Special Publication 26   
  Page(s): 526   
  Publisher: American Fisheries Society   
  Publication Place: Bethesda, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-888569-01-8, 0097-0638  
  Reference for: Toxolasma texasiense   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Williams, James D., Arthur E. Bogan, and Jeffrey T. Garner  
  Publication Date: 2008   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Freshwater Mussels of Alabama and the Mobile Basin in Georgia, Mississippi and Tennessee   
  Page(s): xv + 908   
  Publisher: The University of Alabama Press   
  Publication Place: Tuscaloosa, Alabama, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-8173-1613-2   
  Notes: Sponsored by Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, Division of Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries   
  Reference for: Toxolasma texasiense   

 Geographic Information
  Geographic Division: North America  
  Jurisdiction/Origin: Continental US, Native  



  Comment: Recent authors (Lee 2006; Williams et al. 2008:711) have argued for treating the name Toxolasma Rafinesque 1831 as a neuter gender word. The correct form for this combination would be Toxolasma texasense or T. texasiense (the original combination was given as Unio texasiensis, noting the extra -i-). Turgeon et al. (1998:185), prior to the gender correction, note the emendation from texasiensis to texasensis but reject it, suggesting it was an unjustified emendation  



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