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Taxonomic Serial No.: 176802

(Download Help) Laridae TSN 176802

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Family  
  Synonym(s): Rynchopidae
  Common Name(s): Gulls [English]
    Terns [English]
    becs-en-ciseaux [French]
    goélands [French]
    labbes [French]
    mouettes [French]
    Skimmers [English]
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: complete   
  Latest Record Review: 2011   

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                      ClassAves  – Birds, oiseaux  
                         OrderCharadriiformes  – Shore Birds, Gulls, Alcids, Plovers, Oystercatchers, goélands, alcidés, Auks, huîtriers  
                            FamilyLaridae  – Gulls, Terns, becs-en-ciseaux, goélands, labbes, mouettes, Skimmers  
    Direct Children:  
                               Genus Anous Stephens, 1826 – Noddys 
                               Genus Chlidonias Rafinesque, 1822 – Black Terns 
                               Genus Chroicocephalus Eyton, 1836  
                               Genus Creagrus Bonaparte, 1854  
                               Genus Gelochelidon C. L. Brehm, 1830  
                               Genus Gygis Wagler, 1832 – White Terns 
                               Genus Hydrocoloeus Kaup, 1829  
                               Genus Hydroprogne Kaup, 1829  
                               Genus Ichthyaetus Kaup, 1829  
                               Genus Larosterna Blyth, 1852  
                               Genus Larus Linnaeus, 1758 – Gulls, Ivory Gulls, Kittiwakes, Ross' Gulls, Sabine's Gulls 
                               Genus Leucophaeus Bruch, 1853  
                               Genus Onychoprion Wagler, 1832  
                               Genus Pagophila Kaup, 1829  
                               Genus Phaetusa Wagler, 1832  
                               Genus Procelsterna Lafresnaye, 1842 – Blue-gray Noddys 
                               Genus Rhodostethia MacGillivray, 1842  
                               Genus Rissa Stephens, 1826  
                               Genus Rynchops Linnaeus, 1758 – Skimmers 
                               Genus Sterna Linnaeus, 1758 – Typical Terns 
                               Genus Sternula F. Boie, 1822  
                               Genus Thalasseus F. Boie, 1822  
                               Genus Xema Leach, 1819  

  Expert: Alan P. Peterson, M.D.  
  Notes: PO Box 1999 Walla Walla, Washington 99362-0999   
  Reference for: Laridae    
  Expert: Richard C. Banks  
  Notes: Chief, Bird Section, U.S.G.S. - B.R.D. - P.W.R.C.   
  Reference for: Laridae    
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: ITIS*ca, website (version 2002)  
  Acquired: 2003   
  Reference for: becs-en-ciseaux[French], goélands [French], labbes [French], mouettes [French]   
  Source: IOC World Bird List, Master List v2.9, website (version 2.9)  
  Acquired: 2011   
  Notes: Master list and sub-lists are maintained at, and 'virtually replace' Gill & Wright 2006 (Birds of the World, Recommended English Names)   
  Reference for: Laridae, Gulls [English], Skimmers [English], Terns [English]   
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Reference for: Laridae   
  Source: Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource, 2011.04.02, website (version 02-Apr-11)  
  Acquired: 2011   
  Notes: "Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource" maintained by Alan P. Peterson at   
  Reference for: Laridae   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes  
  Publication Date: 2003   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada   
  Publication Place:    
  Notes: As-yet (2003) unpublished manuscript from 1998   
  Reference for: Laridae   

 Geographic Information
  Geographic Division:    






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Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and up-to-date information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in provisions of treaties to which the United States is a party, wildlife statutes, regulations, and any applicable notices that have been published in the Federal Register. For further information on U.S. legal requirements with respect to protected taxa, please contact the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

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