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Cnemidophorus  Wagler, 1830
Taxonomic Serial No.: 174013

(Download Help) Cnemidophorus TSN 174013

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Genus  
  Common Name(s): Racerunners [English]
    Whiptails [English]
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: complete   
  Latest Record Review: 2022   

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                      ClassReptilia Laurenti, 1768 – répteis, reptiles, Reptiles  
                         OrderSquamata Oppel, 1811 – Amphisbaenians, Lizards, Snakes, amphisbènes, lézards, serpents  
                               FamilyTeiidae Gray, 1827 – Tegus, Ground Lizards, New World Runners, Racerunners, Whiptails, Ameivas  
                                  GenusCnemidophorus Wagler, 1830 – Racerunners, Whiptails  
    Direct Children:  
                                     Species Cnemidophorus arenivagus Markezich, Cole and Dessauer, 1997  
                                     Species Cnemidophorus arubensis Lidth de Jeude, 1887 – Aruba Whiptail 
                                     Species Cnemidophorus cryptus Cole and Dessauer, 1993 – Cryptic Racerunner 
                                     Species Cnemidophorus duellmani McCranie and Hedges, 2013  
                                     Species Cnemidophorus espeuti Boulenger, 1885 – Rainbow Lizard 
                                     Species Cnemidophorus flavissimus Ugueto, Harvey and Rivas, 2010 – Los Frailes Whiptail 
                                     Species Cnemidophorus gaigei Ruthven, 1915 – Gaige's Rainbow Lizard 
                                     Species Cnemidophorus gramivagus McCrystal and Dixon, 1987  
                                     Species Cnemidophorus lemniscatus (Linnaeus, 1758) – Rainbow Lizard, Rainbow Whiptail, South American Whiptail 
                                     Species Cnemidophorus leucopsammus Ugueto and Harvey, 2010 – Blanquilla Whiptail 
                                     Species Cnemidophorus murinus (Laurenti, 1768) – Curaçao Whiptail, Laurent's Whiptail 
                                     Species Cnemidophorus nigricolor Peters, 1873 – Venezuelan Island Whiptail 
                                     Species Cnemidophorus pseudolemniscatus Cole and Dessauer, 1993 – Colee's Racerunner 
                                     Species Cnemidophorus rostralis Ugueto and Harvey, 2010 – La Tortuga Whiptail 
                                     Species Cnemidophorus ruatanus Barbour, 1928 – Central American Whiptail 
                                     Species Cnemidophorus ruthveni Burt, 1935 – Bonaire Whiptail 
                                     Species Cnemidophorus senectus Ugueto, Harvey and Rivas, 2010  
                                     Species Cnemidophorus splendidus Markezich, Cole and Dessauer, 1997  
                                     Species Cnemidophorus vanzoi (Baskin and Williams, 1966) – Maria Islands Whiptail, Saint Lucian Whiptail, Vanzo's Whiptail, Maria Island Ground Lizard 

  Expert: Roy W. McDiarmid  
  Notes: U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center   
  Reference for: Cnemidophorus    
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad, database (version undefined)  
  Acquired: 2000   
  Notes: CONABIO: (   
  Reference for: Cnemidophorus   
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Reference for: Cnemidophorus   
  Source: Reptile Database (Nov 2021), website (version Nov-2021)  
  Acquired: 2021   
  Notes: Uetz, P., Freed, P, Aguilar, R. & Hosek, J. (eds.) (2021) The Reptile Database,, accessed 12 Dec 2021   
  Reference for: Cnemidophorus   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner  
  Publication Date: 1987   
  Article/Chapter Title: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Resource Publication, no. 166   
  Page(s): 79   
  Publisher: United States Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service   
  Publication Place: Washington, D.C., USA   
  Reference for: Cnemidophorus   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Flores-Villela, Oscar / McCoy, C. J., ed.  
  Publication Date: 1993   
  Article/Chapter Title: Herpetofauna Mexicana: Lista anotada de las especies de anfibios y reptiles de México, cambios taxonómicos recientes, y nuevas especies   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Carnegie Museum of Natural History Special Publication, no. 17   
  Page(s): iv + 73   
  Publisher: Carnegie Museum of Natural History   
  Publication Place: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-911239-42-1   
  Reference for: Cnemidophorus   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Harvey, Michael B., Gabriel N. Ugueto, and Ronald L. Gutberlet, Jr.  
  Publication Date: 2012   
  Article/Chapter Title: Review of Teiid Morphology with a Revised Taxonomy and Phylogeny of the Teiidae (Lepidosauria: Squamata)   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Zootaxa, vol. 3459   
  Page(s): 1-156   
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 1175-5326   
  Reference for: Cnemidophorus   

 Geographic Information
  Geographic Division:    






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Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and up-to-date information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in provisions of treaties to which the United States is a party, wildlife statutes, regulations, and any applicable notices that have been published in the Federal Register. For further information on U.S. legal requirements with respect to protected taxa, please contact the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

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