Integrated Taxonomic Information System - Report

Go to Print Version

Kinosternon  Spix, 1824
Taxonomic Serial No.: 173762

(Download Help) Kinosternon TSN 173762

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Genus  
  Synonym(s): Cinosternon Wagler, 1830
    Monoclida Rafinesque, 1832
    Uronyx Rafinesque, 1832
    Swanka Gray, 1844
    Thyrosternum Agassiz, 1857
    Platythyra Agassiz, 1857
    Cinosternos Herrera, 1901
    Cryptochelys Iverson, Le and Ingram, 2013
  Common Name(s): mud turtles [English]
    American Mud Turtles [English]
    American musk turtles [English]
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: complete   
  Latest Record Review: 2014   

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria  – triploblasts  
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                      ClassReptilia Laurenti, 1768 – répteis, reptiles, Reptiles  
                         OrderTestudines Batsch, 1788 – tortues, Turtles, Terrapins, Tortoises  
                            SuborderCryptodira Cope, 1868  
                               SuperfamilyKinosternoidea Agassiz, 1857  
                                  FamilyKinosternidae Agassiz, 1857 – Musk Turtles, Mud Turtles  
                                     SubfamilyKinosterninae Agassiz, 1857  
                                        GenusKinosternon Spix, 1824 – mud turtles, American Mud Turtles, American musk turtles  
    Direct Children:  
                                           Species Kinosternon acutum Gray, 1831 – Tortuga-pecho quebrado de Tabasco, Tabasco Mud Turtle 
                                           Species Kinosternon alamosae Berry and Legler, 1980 – Tortuga-pecho quebrado de Álamos, Alamos Mud Turtle 
                                           Species Kinosternon angustipons Legler, 1965 – Narrow-bridged Mud Turtle 
                                           Species Kinosternon arizonense Gilmore, 1923 – Arizona Mud Turtle 
                                           Species Kinosternon baurii (Garman, 1891) – Striped Mud Turtle 
                                           Species Kinosternon chimalhuaca Berry, Seidel and Iverson in Rogner, 1996 – Jalisco Mud Turtle 
                                           Species Kinosternon creaseri Hartweg, 1934 – Tortuga-pecho quebrado de Craser, Creaser's Mud Turtle 
                                           Species Kinosternon dunni Schmidt, 1947 – Dunn's Mud Turtle 
                                           Species Kinosternon durangoense Iverson, 1979 – Durango Mud Turtle 
                                           Species Kinosternon flavescens (Agassiz, 1857) – Tortuga-pecho quebrado amarilla, Yellow Mud Turtle 
                                           Species Kinosternon herrerai Stejneger, 1925 – Herrera's Mud Turtle, Tortuga-pecho quebrado de Herrera 
                                           Species Kinosternon hirtipes Wagler, 1830 – Mexican mud turtle, Mexican Rough-footed Mud Turtle, Tortuga-pecho quebrado pata rugosa, Rough-footed Mud Turtle 
                                           Species Kinosternon integrum Le Conte, 1854 – Tortuga-pecho quebrado mexicana, Mexican Mud Turtle 
                                           Species Kinosternon leucostomum Duméril and Bibron in Duméril and Duméril, 1851 – Tortuga-pecho quebrado labios blancos, White-lipped Mud Turtle 
                                           Species Kinosternon oaxacae Berry and Iverson, 1980 – Tortuga-pecho quebrado oaxaqueña, Oaxaca Mud Turtle 
                                           Species Kinosternon scorpioides (Linnaeus, 1766) – Tortuga-pecho quebrado escorpión, Scorpion Mud Turtle 
                                           Species Kinosternon sonoriense Le Conte, 1854 – Sonoran mud turtle, Tortuga-pecho quebrado sonorense, Sonora Mud Turtle 
                                           Species Kinosternon subrubrum (Bonnaterre, 1789) – Eastern Mud Turtle, Common Mud Turtle 

  Expert: Roy W. McDiarmid  
  Notes: U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center   
  Reference for: Kinosternon    
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad, database (version undefined)  
  Acquired: 2000   
  Notes: CONABIO: (   
  Reference for: Kinosternon   
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Reference for: Kinosternon   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes  
  Publication Date: 2004   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada, draft (2004)   
  Publication Place:    
  Notes: As-yet (2004) unpublished manuscript from 1998   
  Reference for: Kinosternon   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner  
  Publication Date: 1987   
  Article/Chapter Title: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Resource Publication, no. 166   
  Page(s): 79   
  Publisher: United States Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service   
  Publication Place: Washington, D.C., USA   
  Reference for: Kinosternon   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Crother, Brian I., Jeff Boundy, Frank T. Burbrink, Jonathan A. Campbell, Kevin de Queiroz, et al.  
  Publication Date: 2012   
  Article/Chapter Title: Scientific and standard English names of amphibians and reptiles of North America north of Mexico, with comments regarding confidence in our understanding, Seventh Ed.   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Herpetological Circular, no. 39   
  Page(s): 1-92   
  Publisher: Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles   
  Publication Place: Shoreview, Minnesota, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 9780916984854   
  Notes: Available free as a PDF at   
  Reference for: Kinosternon, American Mud Turtles [English]   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Flores-Villela, Oscar / McCoy, C. J., ed.  
  Publication Date: 1993   
  Article/Chapter Title: Herpetofauna Mexicana: Lista anotada de las especies de anfibios y reptiles de México, cambios taxonómicos recientes, y nuevas especies   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Carnegie Museum of Natural History Special Publication, no. 17   
  Page(s): iv + 73   
  Publisher: Carnegie Museum of Natural History   
  Publication Place: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-911239-42-1   
  Reference for: Kinosternon   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Iverson, John B.  
  Publication Date: 1992   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: A Revised Checklist with Distribution Maps of the Turtles of the World   
  Page(s): xiii + 363   
  Publisher: Privately Printed   
  Publication Place: Richmond, Indiana   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-9617431-0-5   
  Reference for: Kinosternon   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Smith, Hobart M., and Edward H. Taylor  
  Publication Date: 1950   
  Article/Chapter Title: An Annotated Checklist and Key to the Reptiles of Mexico Exclusive of the Snakes   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Bulletin of the United States National Museum, no. 199   
  Page(s): 1-253   
  Publication Place:    
  Notes: Available online at   
  Reference for: Kinosternon   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Turtle Taxonomy Working Group [van Dijk, P. P., J. Iverson, A. Rhodin, H. Shaffer, and R. Bour]  
  Publication Date: 2014   
  Article/Chapter Title: Turtles of the World, 7th Edition: Annotated Checklist of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution with maps, and Conservation Status   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Chelonian Research Monographs, no. 5, v. 7   
  Page(s): 329-479   
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 1088-7105   
  Notes: doi:10.3854/crm.5.000.checklist.v7.2014 - Available online at   
  Reference for: Kinosternon   

 Geographic Information
  Geographic Division:    



  Comment: Cinosternon Wagler, 1830 is here considered an unjustified emendation of Kinosternon Spix, 1824, but see page 3 in Smith and Taylor (1950) for an explanation of the uncertainty of this orthographic situation  



 Subordinate Taxa  Rank  Verified Standards Met  Verified Min Standards Met  Unverified Percent Standards Met

A gray graphic bar
Search on:  Any Name or TSN  Common Name  Scientific Name  TSN

Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and up-to-date information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in provisions of treaties to which the United States is a party, wildlife statutes, regulations, and any applicable notices that have been published in the Federal Register. For further information on U.S. legal requirements with respect to protected taxa, please contact the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

A gray bar