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Gelochelidon nilotica  (Gmelin, 1789)
Taxonomic Serial No.: 176882

(Download Help) Gelochelidon nilotica TSN 176882

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Species  
  Synonym(s): Sterna nilotica Gmelin, 1789
  Common Name(s): Sterne hansel [French]
    Charrán pico grueso [Spanish]
    Gull-billed Tern [English]
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                      ClassAves  – Birds, oiseaux  
                         OrderCharadriiformes  – Shore Birds, Gulls, Alcids, Plovers, Oystercatchers, goélands, alcidés, Auks, huîtriers  
                            FamilyLaridae  – Gulls, Terns, becs-en-ciseaux, goélands, labbes, mouettes, Skimmers  
                               GenusGelochelidon C. L. Brehm, 1830  
                                  SpeciesGelochelidon nilotica (Gmelin, 1789) – Sterne hansel, Charrán pico grueso, Gull-billed Tern  
    Direct Children:  
                                     Subspecies Gelochelidon nilotica affinis (Horsfield, 1821)  
                                     Subspecies Gelochelidon nilotica aranea (A. Wilson, 1814)  
                                     Subspecies Gelochelidon nilotica gronvoldi (Mathews, 1912)  
                                     Subspecies Gelochelidon nilotica macrotarsa (Gould, 1837)  
                                     Subspecies Gelochelidon nilotica nilotica (Gmelin, 1789)  
                                     Subspecies Gelochelidon nilotica vanrossemi Bancroft, 1929 – Gull-billed Tern 

  Reference for:    
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: AOU Check-List (08-2011), website (version Aug-2011)  
  Acquired: 2011   
  Notes: American Ornithologists' Union's "Check-list of North American Birds - List of the 2,078 Bird Species Known From the A.O.U. Check-list Area" (AOU Check-list, 7th edition, updated with Supplements 42-52), maintained at   
  Reference for: Gelochelidon nilotica, Gull-billed Tern [English], Sterne hansel [French]   
  Source: IOC World Bird List, Master List v2.9, website (version 2.9)  
  Acquired: 2011   
  Notes: Master list and sub-lists are maintained at, and 'virtually replace' Gill & Wright 2006 (Birds of the World, Recommended English Names)   
  Reference for: Gelochelidon nilotica, Gull-billed Tern [English]   
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Reference for: Gelochelidon nilotica   
  Source: Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource, 2011.04.02, website (version 02-Apr-11)  
  Acquired: 2011   
  Notes: "Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource" maintained by Alan P. Peterson at   
  Reference for: Gelochelidon nilotica   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): American Ornithologists' Union  
  Publication Date: 2006   
  Article/Chapter Title: Forty-seventh supplement to the American Ornithologists' Union Check-list of North American Birds   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: The Auk, vol. 123, no. 3   
  Page(s): 926-936   
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 0004-8038   
  Reference for: Gelochelidon nilotica, Gull-billed Tern [English]   

 Geographic Information
  Geographic Division: Africa  
    Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China)  
    Middle America  
    North America  
    South America  
    Southern Asia  
  Jurisdiction/Origin: Canada, Incidental  
    Caribbean Territories, Native  
    Central Pacific Territories, Incidental  
    Continental US, Native  
    Hawaii, Incidental  
    Mexico, Native  






 Subordinate Taxa  Rank  Verified Standards Met  Verified Min Standards Met  Unverified Percent Standards Met

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Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and up-to-date information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in provisions of treaties to which the United States is a party, wildlife statutes, regulations, and any applicable notices that have been published in the Federal Register. For further information on U.S. legal requirements with respect to protected taxa, please contact the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

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