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Myodes gapperi  (Vigors, 1830)
Taxonomic Serial No.: 970612

(Download Help) Myodes gapperi TSN 970612

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Species  
  Synonym(s): Clethrionomys gapperi (Vigors, 1830)
    Evotomys carolinensis Merriam, 1888
    Evotomys caurinus Bailey, 1898
    Evotomys fuscodorsalis J. A. Allen, 1894
    Evotomys galei Merriam, 1890
    Evotomys idahoensis Merriam, 1891
    Evotomys limitis Bailey, 1913
    Evotomys nivarius Bailey, 1897
    Evotomys phaeus Swarth, 1911
    Evotomys proteus Bangs, 1897
    Evotomys pygmaeus Rhoads, 1894
    Evotomys ungava Bailey, 1897
    Evotomys wrangeli Bailey, 1897
    Evotomys occidentalis Merriam, 1890
    Clethrionomys gapperi arizonensis Cockrum and Fitch, 1952
    Evotomys gapperi athabascae Preble, 1908
    Evotomys gapperi brevicaudus Merriam, 1891
    Clethrionomys gapperi cascadensis Booth, 1945
    Clethrionomys gapperi gaspeanus Anderson, 1943
    Clethrionomys gapperi gauti Cockrum and Fitch, 1952
    Clethrionomys gapperi hudsonius Anderson, 1940
    Evotomys gapperi loringi Bailey, 1897
    Clethrionomys gapperi maurus Kellogg, 1939
    Evotomys gapperi ochraceus Miller, 1894
    Clethrionomys gapperi pallescens Hall and Cockrum, 1940
    Clethrionomys gapperi paludicola Doutt, 1941
    Evotomys gapperi rhoadsii Stone, 1893
    Clethrionomys gapperi rufescens A. Smith, 1940
    Clethrionomys gapperi rupicola Poole, 1949
    Evotomys gapperi saturatus Rhoads, 1894
    Clethrionomys gapperi soleus Hall and Cockrum, 1952
    Clethrionomys gapperi stikinensis Hall and Cockrum, 1952
    Clethrionomys gapperi uintaensis Doutt, 1941
    Clethrionomys gapperi solus Hall and Cockrum, 1952
  Common Name(s): Southern Red-backed Vole [English]
    Gapper's Red-backed Mouse [English]
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                      ClassMammalia Linnaeus, 1758 – mammifères, mamífero, mammals  
                         SubclassTheria Parker and Haswell, 1897  
                            InfraclassEutheria Gill, 1872  
                               OrderRodentia Bowdich, 1821 – esquilo, preá, rato, roedor, rongeurs, rodents  
                                  SuborderMyomorpha Brandt, 1855 – Rats, souris, Mice, Rats, Voles, Gerbils, Hamsters, Lemmings  
                                     SuperfamilyMuroidea Illiger, 1811  
                                        FamilyCricetidae Fischer, 1817  
                                           SubfamilyArvicolinae Gray, 1821 – arvicoline rodents  
                                              GenusMyodes Pallas, 1811  
                                                 SpeciesMyodes gapperi (Vigors, 1830) – Southern Red-backed Vole, Gapper's Red-backed Mouse  

  Reference for:    
  Other Source(s):    
  Reference for:    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Hall, E. Raymond  
  Publication Date: 1981   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: The Mammals of North America, 2nd ed., vol. 2   
  Page(s): 601-1175   
  Publisher: John Wiley and Sons, Inc.   
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-471-05443-5   
  Reference for: Myodes gapperi, Gapper's Red-backed Mouse [English]   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Musser, Guy G., and Michael D. Carleton / Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 2005   
  Article/Chapter Title: Superfamily Muroidea   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vol. 2   
  Page(s): 894-1531   
  Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press   
  Publication Place: Baltimore, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-8018-8221-4   
  Reference for: Myodes gapperi, Southern Red-backed Vole [English]   

 Geographic Information
  Geographic Division: North America  
  Jurisdiction/Origin: Canada, Native  
    Continental US, Native  



  Comment: Status: IUCN - Data Deficient as M. g. solus (sic), Lower Risk (nt) as C. g. maurus, otherwise Lower Risk (lc)  
    Comments: Close relationship to, but genetic segregation from, M. rutilus supported by allozymic data (Mezhzherin and Serbenyuk, 1992; Nadler et al., 1978), although some had earlier suggested, without presentation of data, that gapperi and rutilus are conspecific (Bee and Hall, 1956; Youngman, 1975). In laboratory crosses with Eurasian M. glareolus, the partially infertile hybrids led Grant (1974) to view the two as semispecies of recent divergence. In a narrower taxonomic survey, Nadler et al. (197...  



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