the itis logo The report logo for the ITIS data page
Go to Print Version

Ziphiidae  Gray, 1865
Taxonomic Serial No.: 770793

(Download Help) Ziphiidae TSN 770793

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Family  
  Common Name(s):    
  Valid Name: Hyperoodontidae Gray, 1846
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: invalid - other, see comments   
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: unknown   
  Latest Record Review: 2019   

  Reference for:    
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: List of Marine Mammal Species and Subspecies, website (version Aug 2018)  
  Acquired: 2019   
  Notes: Committee on Taxonomy. 2018. List of marine mammal species and subspecies. Society for Marine Mammalogy,, consulted on 16 April 2019   
  Reference for: Ziphiidae   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Gray, John Edward  
  Publication Date: 1865   
  Article/Chapter Title: Notices of a New Genus of Delphinoid Whales from the Cape of Good Hope, and of other Cetaceans from the same seas   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Proceedings of the Scientific Meetings of the Zoological Society of London, 1865, part 2   
  Page(s): 522-529   
  Publication Place:    
  Reference for: original description   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Hershkovitz, Philip  
  Publication Date: 1966   
  Article/Chapter Title: Catalog of Living Whales   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: United States National Museum Bulletin, no. 246   
  Page(s): viii + 259   
  Publication Place:    
  Notes: Available online at   
  Reference for: Ziphiidae   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): McKenna, Malcolm C., and Susan K. Bell  
  Publication Date: 1997   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Classification of mammals above the species level   
  Page(s): 631   
  Publisher: Columbia University Press   
  Publication Place: New York, New York, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-231-11012-X   
  Reference for: Ziphiidae   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Mead, James G., and Robert L. Brownell, Jr. / Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 2005   
  Article/Chapter Title: Order Cetacea   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vol. 1   
  Page(s): 723-743   
  Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press   
  Publication Place: Baltimore, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-8018-8221-4   
  Reference for: Ziphiidae   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Moore, Joseph Curtis  
  Publication Date: 1968   
  Article/Chapter Title: Relationships among the living genera of beaked whales with classifications, diagnoses and keys   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 53, no. 4   
  Page(s): iv + 209-298   
  Publication Place:    
  Reference for: Ziphiidae   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Rice, Dale W.  
  Publication Date: 1998   
  Article/Chapter Title: Marine Mammals of the World: Systematics and Distribution   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Special Publications of the Society for Marine Mammals, no. 4   
  Page(s): ix + 231   
  Publisher: The Society for Marine Mammalogy   
  Publication Place: Lawrence, Kansas, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-891276-03-4   
  Reference for: Ziphiidae   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Würsig, Bernd, J. G. M. Thewissen, and Kit M. Kovacs, eds.  
  Publication Date: 2018   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals, 3rd edition   
  Page(s): xxxi + 1157   
  Publisher: Elsevier   
  Publication Place: Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 978-0-12-8043271   
  Notes: Species and classification provided on pages xxix-xxxi   
  Reference for: Ziphiidae   

 Geographic Information
  Geographic Division:    



  Comment: Rice (1998:85) used Ziphiidae Gray "1850" [1865!] over Hyperoodontidae Gray 1846 "in anticipation of" an ICZN petition & ruling. As of late 2008 the required application has not been submitted (see ICZN 1999 [4th] Edition Art. 23.9.1, 23.9.3, 23.12, 1985 [3rd] & 1961 [1st] Edition Art. 23b). Hyperoodontiidae is also used in works Rice didn't note (e.g., McKenna & Bell 1997). Mead (email 28-Oct-2008) advises to follow McKenna & Bell on this  
    Appeals to ICZN Art. 23.12 for use of the junior Ziphiidae over the senior Hyperoodontidae do not appear to fulfill the strict requirements of that Article and its sub-clauses (see ICZN 1999 [4th] Edition Art. 23.9.1, 23.9.3, 23.12, 1985 [3rd] & 1961 [1st] Edition Art. 23b)  
    As of 2019, there has as yet not been an ICZN petition and ruling to conserve Ziphiidae Gray "1850" [1865!] over Hyperoodontidae Gray, 1846; so while the Society for Marine Mammalogy Committee on Taxonomy (2018) and Würsig, Thewissen and Kovacs (2018) use Ziphiidae, ITIS continues to use Hyperoodontidae  
    Comments by Mead & Brownell, Jr., in Wilson & Reeder, eds. (2005): Although Hyperoodontidae Gray, 1846 has priority over Ziphiidae, we have chosen to use the latter name following Article 23.12 of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (1999) because Ziphiidae has been the name of choice for more than 100 years. Family reviewed by Moore (1968)  



 Subordinate Taxa  Rank  Verified Standards Met  Verified Min Standards Met  Unverified Percent Standards Met

A gray graphic bar
Search on:  Any Name or TSN  Common Name  Scientific Name  TSN
In:  Kingdom    

Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and up-to-date information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in provisions of treaties to which the United States is a party, wildlife statutes, regulations, and any applicable notices that have been published in the Federal Register. For further information on U.S. legal requirements with respect to protected taxa, please contact the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

A gray bar