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Sphiggurus  F. Cuvier, 1825
Taxonomic Serial No.: 584612

(Download Help) Sphiggurus TSN 584612

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Genus  
  Common Name(s):    
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: complete   
  Latest Record Review: 2010   

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                      ClassMammalia Linnaeus, 1758 – mammifères, mamífero, mammals  
                         SubclassTheria Parker and Haswell, 1897  
                            InfraclassEutheria Gill, 1872  
                               OrderRodentia Bowdich, 1821 – esquilo, preá, rato, roedor, rongeurs, rodents  
                                  SuborderHystricomorpha Brandt, 1855  
                                     InfraorderHystricognathi Brandt, 1855 – hystricognath rodents  
                                        FamilyErethizontidae Bonaparte, 1845 – New World porcupines  
                                           SubfamilyErethizontinae Bonaparte, 1845  
                                              GenusSphiggurus F. Cuvier, 1825  
    Direct Children:  
                                                 Species Sphiggurus ichillus (Voss and da Silva, 2001) – Streaked Dwarf Porcupine 
                                                 Species Sphiggurus insidiosus (Olfers, 1818) – Bahia Porcupine 
                                                 Species Sphiggurus melanurus (Wagner, 1842) – Black-tailed Hairy Dwarf Porcupine 
                                                 Species Sphiggurus mexicanus (Kerr, 1792) – Mexican Hairy Dwarf Porcupine, Puercoespín mexicano 
                                                 Species Sphiggurus pruinosus (Thomas, 1905) – Frosted Hairy Dwarf Porcupine 
                                                 Species Sphiggurus roosmalenorum (Voss and da Silva, 2001) – Roosmalen's Dwarf Porcupine 
                                                 Species Sphiggurus spinosus (F. Cuvier, 1823) – Paraguaian Hairy Dwarf Porcupine 
                                                 Species Sphiggurus vestitus (Thomas, 1899) – Brown Hairy Dwarf Porcupine 
                                                 Species Sphiggurus villosus (F. Cuvier, 1823) – Orange-spined Hairy Dwarf Porcupine 

  Expert: Charles A. Woods  
  Notes: Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611-2035   
  Reference for: Sphiggurus    
  Other Source(s):    
  Reference for:    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Voss, Robert S.  
  Publication Date: 2011   
  Article/Chapter Title: Revisionary Notes on Neotropical Porcupines (Rodentia: Erethizontidae). 3. An Annotated Checklist of the Species of Coendou Lacépède, 1799   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: American Museum Novitates, no. 3720   
  Page(s): 1-36   
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 0003-0082   
  Reference for: Sphiggurus   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 1993   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing   
  Page(s): xviii + 1207   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-217-9   
  Notes: Corrections were made to text at 3rd printing   
  Reference for: Sphiggurus   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Woods, Charles A., and C. William Kilpatrick / Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 2005   
  Article/Chapter Title: Infraorder Hystricognathi Brandt, 1855   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vol. 2   
  Page(s): 1538-1600   
  Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press   
  Publication Place: Baltimore, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-8018-8221-4   
  Reference for: Sphiggurus   

 Geographic Information
  Geographic Division:    



  Comment: Comments: This genus possibly dates from F. Cuvier, 1823. Mem. Mus. Hist. Hat. Paris, 9:427, 433-435, where Sphiggurus seems only a French name "Sphiggure" except on pp. 433-434, where it is abbreviated "S. spinosa". Formerly included in Coendou by Cabrera (1961), Walker et al. (1975), and Hall (1981); see also comments under Coendou. Considered a distinct genus by Husson (1978:484-490). Voss and Angermann (1997) agreed with the conclusion of Handley and Pine (1992) that Sphiggurus could not be meani...  
    Voss (2011) argues to sink Echinoprocta and Sphiggurus into Coendou, but does not treat the validity of taxa at the subspecies rank. ITIS will seek expert guidance on these matters, but in the meantime retain the 3 separate genera with subspecies from Wood and Kilpatrick (2005)  



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