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Polymorphus  Lühe, 1911
Taxonomic Serial No.: 197933

(Download Help) Polymorphus TSN 197933

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Genus  
  Synonym(s): Hexaglandula Petrochenko, 1950
    Subfilicollis Hokhlova, 1967
    Polymorphus (Polymorphus) Lühe, 1911
  Common Name(s):    
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: complete   
  Latest Record Review: 2015   

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
             PhylumAcanthocephala Rudolphi, 1802 – spiny-headed worms, acantocéfalo, thorny-headed worms  
                ClassPalaeacanthocephala Meyer, 1931  
                   OrderPolymorphida Petrochenko, 1956  
                      FamilyPolymorphidae Meyer, 1931  
                         GenusPolymorphus Lühe, 1911  
    Direct Children:  
                            Species Polymorphus actuganensis Petrochenko, 1949  
                            Species Polymorphus acutis Van Cleave and Starrett, 1940  
                            Species Polymorphus arctocephali Smales, 1986  
                            Species Polymorphus ariusis (Bilqees, 1971)  
                            Species Polymorphus biziurae Johnston and Edmonds, 1948  
                            Species Polymorphus boschadis (Schrank, 1788)  
                            Species Polymorphus brevis (Van Cleave, 1916)  
                            Species Polymorphus chongqingensis Liu, Zhang and Zhang, 1990  
                            Species Polymorphus cincli Belopolskaya, 1959  
                            Species Polymorphus contortus (Bremser in Westrumb, 1821)  
                            Species Polymorphus corynoides Skrjabin, 1913  
                            Species Polymorphus corynosoma Travassos, 1915  
                            Species Polymorphus crassus Van Cleave, 1924  
                            Species Polymorphus cucullatus Van Cleave and Starrett, 1940  
                            Species Polymorphus diploinflatus Lundström, 1942  
                            Species Polymorphus fatimaae Khan, Dharejo, Birmani and Bilqees, 2008  
                            Species Polymorphus fulicai Birmani, Dharejo and Khan, 2011  
                            Species Polymorphus gavii Hokhlova, 1965  
                            Species Polymorphus inermis Travassos, 1923  
                            Species Polymorphus karachiensis (Bilqees, 1971)  
                            Species Polymorphus kostylewi Petrochenko, 1949  
                            Species Polymorphus magnus Skrjabin, 1913  
                            Species Polymorphus marchii (Porta, 1910)  
                            Species Polymorphus marilis Van Cleave, 1939  
                            Species Polymorphus mathevossianae Petrochenko, 1949  
                            Species Polymorphus meyeri Lundström, 1942  
                            Species Polymorphus miniatus (von Linstow, 1896)  
                            Species Polymorphus minutus (Goeze, 1782)  
                            Species Polymorphus mohiuddini Muti-ur-Rahman, Khan, Bilqees and Khatoon, 2008  
                            Species Polymorphus mutabilis (Rudolphi, 1819)  
                            Species Polymorphus nickoli Khan and Bilqees, 1998  
                            Species Polymorphus obtusus Van Cleave, 1918  
                            Species Polymorphus paradoxus Connell and Corner, 1957  
                            Species Polymorphus paucihamatus Heinze, 1936  
                            Species Polymorphus phippsi Kostylew, 1922  
                            Species Polymorphus piriformis (Bremser in Rudolphi, 1819)  
                            Species Polymorphus pupa (von Linstow, 1905)  
                            Species Polymorphus sichuanensis Wang and Zhang, 1987  
                            Species Polymorphus sindensis Khan, Ghazi and Bilqees, 2002  
                            Species Polymorphus spindlatus Amin and Heckmann, 1991  
                            Species Polymorphus striatus (Goeze, 1782)  
                            Species Polymorphus strumosoides Lundström, 1942  
                            Species Polymorphus swartzi Schmidt, 1965  
                            Species Polymorphus trochus Van Cleave, 1945  

  Reference for:    
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Reference for: Polymorphus   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Amin, Omar M.  
  Publication Date: 2013   
  Article/Chapter Title: Classification of the Acanthocephala   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Folia Parasitologica, vol. 60, no. 4   
  Page(s): 273-305   
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 0015-5683   
  Notes: Available online at   
  Reference for: Polymorphus   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Amin, Omar M. / Crompton, D. W. T. and Brent B. Nickol  
  Publication Date: 1985   
  Article/Chapter Title: Classification   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Biology of the Acanthocephala   
  Page(s): 27-72   
  Publisher: Cambridge University Press   
  Publication Place: Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-521-24674-1   
  Reference for: Polymorphus   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Bhattacharya, Subhendu Bikas  
  Publication Date: 2007   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Handbook on Indian Acanthocephala   
  Page(s): 225   
  Publisher: Zoological Survey of India   
  Publication Place: Kolkata, India   
  ISBN/ISSN: 81-8171-138-6   
  Reference for: Polymorphus   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Lühe, Max  
  Publication Date: 1911   
  Article/Chapter Title: Acanthocephalen. Register der acanthocephalen und parasitischen plattwürmer, geordnet nach ihren wirten   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Die Süsswasserfauna Deutschlands, Eine Exkursionsfauna, vol. 16   
  Page(s): iv + 116   
  Publication Place:    
  Notes: Available online at   
  Reference for: original description   

 Geographic Information
  Geographic Division:    



  Comment: 'Amin's 1992 revision of Polymorphus recognised two subgenera, Polymorphus Lühe, 1911 and Profilicollis Meyer, 1931. The elevation of these two subgenera to the generic level has been controversial, e.g. Nickol et al. 1999 supports it based on intermediate host affinities but García-Varela and Pérez-Ponce de León (2008) disagree based on sequences of the cox 1 gene. The elevation to generic level is provisionally admitted herein.' (Amin, 2013)  



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