Integrated Taxonomic Information System - Report

Go to Print Version

Scarus  Forsskål, 1775
Taxonomic Serial No.: 170810

(Download Help) Scarus TSN 170810

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Genus  
  Synonym(s): Scarops Schultz, 1958
    Margaritodon Smith, 1956
    Callyodon Scopoli, 1777
    Petronason Swainson, 1839
    Erychthys Swainson, 1839
    Hemistoma Swainson, 1839
    Loro Jordan and Evermann, 1896
    Xenoscarops Schultz, 1958
    Calliodon Bloch and Schneider, 1801
  Common Name(s): parrotfishes [English]
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: complete   
  Latest Record Review: 2004   

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                   SuperclassActinopterygii  – ray-finned fishes, spiny rayed fishes, poisson épineux, poissons à nageoires rayonnées  
                            OrderPerciformes  – perch-like fishes  
                               SuborderLabroidei  – parrotfishes, rainbowfishes, wrasses, labres, poissons-perroquets  
                                  FamilyScaridae Rafinesque, 1810 – parrotfishes, loros, poissons-perroquets  
                                        GenusScarus Forsskål, 1775 – parrotfishes  
    Direct Children:  
                                           Species Scarus altipinnis (Steindachner, 1879)  
                                           Species Scarus arabicus (Steindachner, 1902)  
                                           Species Scarus barffi Curtiss, 1938  
                                           Species Scarus caudofasciatus (Günther, 1862)  
                                           Species Scarus chameleon Choat and Randall, 1986  
                                           Species Scarus chinensis (Steindachner, 1867)  
                                           Species Scarus coelestinus Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1840 – midnight parrotfish, loro de medianoche 
                                           Species Scarus coeruleus (Bloch, 1786) – blue parrotfish, loro azul 
                                           Species Scarus collana Rüppell, 1835  
                                           Species Scarus compressus (Osburn and Nichols, 1916) – azure parrotfish, loro chato 
                                           Species Scarus cruciensis Forster, 1795  
                                           Species Scarus dimidiatus Bleeker, 1859  
                                           Species Scarus dubius Bennett, 1828 – whitelined parrotfish 
                                           Species Scarus falcipinnis (Playfair, 1868)  
                                           Species Scarus ferrugineus Forsskål, 1775  
                                           Species Scarus festivus Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1840  
                                           Species Scarus flavipectoralis Schultz, 1958  
                                           Species Scarus forresti Curtiss, 1938  
                                           Species Scarus forskael Lacépède, 1802  
                                           Species Scarus forsteni (Bleeker, 1861)  
                                           Species Scarus francisci Curtiss, 1938  
                                           Species Scarus frenatus Lacépède, 1802  
                                           Species Scarus fuscocaudalis Randall and Myers, 2000  
                                           Species Scarus fuscopurpureus (Klunzinger, 1871)  
                                           Species Scarus ghobban Forsskål, 1775 – flame parrotfish, bluechin parrotfish, loro barbazul 
                                           Species Scarus globiceps Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1840 – violetlined parrotfish 
                                           Species Scarus gracilis (Steindachner, 1869)  
                                           Species Scarus guacamaia Cuvier, 1829 – rainbow parrotfish, loro guacamayo 
                                           Species Scarus hoefleri (Steindachner, 1881)  
                                           Species Scarus hypselopterus Bleeker, 1853  
                                           Species Scarus iseri (Bloch, 1789) – loro listado, striped parrotfish 
                                           Species Scarus koputea Randall and Choat, 1980  
                                           Species Scarus longipinnis Randall and Choat, 1980  
                                           Species Scarus lydiae Curtiss, 1938  
                                           Species Scarus niger Forsskål, 1775 – dusky parrotfish 
                                           Species Scarus obishime Randall and Earle, 1993  
                                           Species Scarus oviceps Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1840  
                                           Species Scarus ovifrons Temminck and Schlegel, 1846  
                                           Species Scarus pahoro Curtiss, 1938  
                                           Species Scarus perrico Jordan and Gilbert, 1882 – bumphead parrotfish, loro jorobado, perrico 
                                           Species Scarus persicus Randall and Bruce, 1983  
                                           Species Scarus prasiognathos Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1840  
                                           Species Scarus psittacus Forsskål, 1775 – Palenose parrotfish 
                                           Species Scarus psittacuscaroli Curtiss, 1938  
                                           Species Scarus quoyi Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1840  
                                           Species Scarus rivulatus Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1840  
                                           Species Scarus rubroviolaceus Bleeker, 1847 – bicolor parrotfish, loro bicolor 
                                           Species Scarus rufescens Walbaum, 1792  
                                           Species Scarus russelii Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1840  
                                           Species Scarus scaber Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1840 – fivesaddle parrotfish 
                                           Species Scarus scarpellonis Curtiss, 1938  
                                           Species Scarus schlegeli (Bleeker, 1861)  
                                           Species Scarus sophiae Curtiss, 1938  
                                           Species Scarus spinus (Kner, 1868)  
                                           Species Scarus taeniopterus Desmarest in Bory de Saint-Vincent, 1831 – princess parrotfish, loro princesa 
                                           Species Scarus teatae Curtiss, 1938  
                                           Species Scarus teresae Curtiss, 1938  
                                           Species Scarus tricolor Bleeker, 1847  
                                           Species Scarus trispinosus Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1840  
                                           Species Scarus vetula Bloch and Schneider, 1801 – queen parrotfish, loro reina 
                                           Species Scarus viridifucatus (Smith, 1956)  
                                           Species Scarus xanthopleura Bleeker, 1853  
                                           Species Scarus zelindae Moura, Figueiredo and Sazima, 2001  
                                           Species Scarus zufar Randall and Hoover, 1995  

  Reference for:    
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: Catalog of Fishes, 13-May-2004, website (version 10-May-04)  
  Acquired: 2004   
  Reference for: Scarus   
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Reference for: Scarus   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Eschmeyer, William N.  
  Publication Date: 1990   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Genera of Recent Fishes   
  Page(s): iii + 697   
  Publisher: California Academy of Sciences   
  Publication Place: San Francisco, CA, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-940228-23-8   
  Reference for: Scarus   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Parenti, Paola, and John E. Randall  
  Publication Date: 2000   
  Article/Chapter Title: An annotated checklist of the species of the Labroid fish families Labridae and Scaridae   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Ichthyological Bulletin of the J. L. B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, no. 68   
  Page(s): 97   
  Publisher: J. L. B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology   
  Publication Place: Rhodes Univ., Grahamstown, South Africa   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0073-4381   
  Reference for: Scarus   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Shiino, Sueo M.  
  Publication Date: 1976   
  Article/Chapter Title: List of Common Names of Fishes of the World, Those Prevailing among English-speaking Nations   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Science Report of Shima Marineland, no. 4   
  Page(s): 262   
  Publisher: Shima Marineland   
  Publication Place: Kashikojima, Shima, Mie, Japan   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0385-1109   
  Reference for: Scarus   

 Geographic Information
  Geographic Division:    



  Comment: Scarus Forsskål, 1775 is a senior homonym of Scarus Bleeker, 1849  



 Subordinate Taxa  Rank  Verified Standards Met  Verified Min Standards Met  Unverified Percent Standards Met

A gray graphic bar
Search on:  Any Name or TSN  Common Name  Scientific Name  TSN

Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and up-to-date information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in provisions of treaties to which the United States is a party, wildlife statutes, regulations, and any applicable notices that have been published in the Federal Register. For further information on U.S. legal requirements with respect to protected taxa, please contact the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

A gray bar