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Clostridium  Prazmowski, 1880
Taxonomic Serial No.: 555645

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 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
  Kingdom: Bacteria  
  Taxonomic Rank: Genus  
  Common Name(s):    
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: complete   
  Latest Record Review: 2012   

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
 KingdomBacteria Cavalier-Smith, 2002 – bactéries, bacteria, bacterias, bactérias  
    SubkingdomPosibacteria Cavalier-Smith, 2002  
       PhylumFirmicutes corrig. Gibbons and Murray, 1978  
          ClassClostridia Rainey, 2010  
             OrderClostridiales Prévot, 1953  
                FamilyClostridiaceae Pribram, 1933  
                   GenusClostridium Prazmowski, 1880  
    Direct Children:  
                      Species Clostridium aceticum (ex Wieringa, 1940) Gottschalk and Braun, 1981  
                      Species Clostridium acetireducens Örlygsson et al., 1996  
                      Species Clostridium acetobutylicum McCoy et al., 1926 emend. Keis et al., 2001  
                      Species Clostridium acidisoli Kuhner et al., 2000  
                      Species Clostridium aciditolerans Lee et al., 2007  
                      Species Clostridium acidurici (Liebert, 1909) Barker, 1938  
                      Species Clostridium aerotolerans van Gylswyk and van der Toorn, 1987 emend. Chamkha et al., 2001  
                      Species Clostridium aestuarii Kim et al., 2007  
                      Species Clostridium akagii Kuhner et al., 2000  
                      Species Clostridium aldenense Warren et al., 2007  
                      Species Clostridium aldrichii Yang et al., 1990  
                      Species Clostridium algidicarnis Lawson et al., 1995  
                      Species Clostridium algidixylanolyticum Broda et al., 2000  
                      Species Clostridium algoriphilum Shcherbakova et al., 2010  
                      Species Clostridium alkalicellulosi Zhilina et al., 2006  
                      Species Clostridium aminophilum Paster et al., 1993  
                      Species Clostridium aminovalericum Hardman and Stadtman, 1960  
                      Species Clostridium amygdalinum Parshina et al., 2003  
                      Species Clostridium amylolyticum Song and Dong, 2008  
                      Species Clostridium arbusti Jung et al., 2010  
                      Species Clostridium arcticum (ex Jordan and McNicol, 1979) Cato et al., 1988  
                      Species Clostridium argentinense Suen et al., 1988  
                      Species Clostridium asparagiforme Mohan et al., 2007  
                      Species Clostridium aurantibutyricum Hellinger, 1944  
                      Species Clostridium baratii (Prevot, 1938) Holdeman and Moore, 1970  
                      Species Clostridium bartlettii Song et al., 2004  
                      Species Clostridium beijerinckii Donker, 1926 emend. Keis et al., 2001  
                      Species Clostridium bifermentans (Weinberg and Seguin, 1918) Bergey et al., 1923 emend. Chamkha et al., 2001  
                      Species Clostridium bolteae Song et al., 2003  
                      Species Clostridium botulinum (van Ermengem, 1896) Bergey et al., 1923  
                      Species Clostridium bowmanii Spring et al., 2003  
                      Species Clostridium butyricum Prazmowski, 1880  
                      Species Clostridium cadaveris (Klein, 1899) McClung and McCoy, 1957  
                      Species Clostridium caenicola Shiratori et al., 2009  
                      Species Clostridium caminithermale Brisbarre et al., 2003  
                      Species Clostridium carboxidivorans Liou et al., 2005  
                      Species Clostridium carnis (Klein, 1904) Spray, 1939  
                      Species Clostridium cavendishii Bowman et al., 2010  
                      Species Clostridium celatum Hauschild and Holdeman, 1974  
                      Species Clostridium celerecrescens Palop et al., 1989 emend. Chamkha et al., 2001  
                      Species Clostridium cellobioparum Hungate, 1944  
                      Species Clostridium cellulofermentans He et al., 1991  
                      Species Clostridium cellulolyticum Petitdemange et al., 1984  
                      Species Clostridium cellulosi He et al., 1991  
                      Species Clostridium cellulovorans Sleat et al., 1985  
                      Species Clostridium chartatabidum Kelly et al., 1996  
                      Species Clostridium chauvoei (Arloing et al., 1887) Scott, 1928  
                      Species Clostridium chromiireducens Inglett et al., 2011  
                      Species Clostridium citroniae Warren et al., 2007  
                      Species Clostridium clariflavum Shiratori et al., 2009  
                      Species Clostridium clostridioforme (Burri and Ankersmit, 1906) Kaneuchi et al., 1976  
                      Species Clostridium cochlearium (Douglas et al., 1919) Bergey et al., 1923  
                      Species Clostridium cocleatum Kaneuchi et al., 1979  
                      Species Clostridium colicanis Greetham et al., 2003  
                      Species Clostridium colinum (ex Berkhoff et al., 1974) Berkhoff, 1985  
                      Species Clostridium collagenovorans Jain and Zeikus, 1988  
                      Species Clostridium cylindrosporum (ex Barker and Beck, 1942) Andreesen et al., 1985  
                      Species Clostridium difficile (Hall and O'Toole, 1935) Prevot, 1938  
                      Species Clostridium diolis Biebl and Spröer, 2003  
                      Species Clostridium disporicum Horn, 1987  
                      Species Clostridium drakei Liou et al., 2005  
                      Species Clostridium estertheticum Collins et al., 1993 emend. Spring et al., 2003  
                      Species Clostridium fallax (Weinberg and Seguin, 1915) Bergey et al., 1923  
                      Species Clostridium felsineum (Carbone and Tombolato, 1917) Bergey et al., 1939  
                      Species Clostridium fimetarium Kotsyurbenko et al., 1997  
                      Species Clostridium formicaceticum Andreesen et al., 1970  
                      Species Clostridium frigidicarnis Broda et al., 1999  
                      Species Clostridium frigoris Spring et al., 2003  
                      Species Clostridium ganghwense Kim et al., 2006  
                      Species Clostridium gasigenes Broda et al., 2000  
                      Species Clostridium ghonii Prévot, 1938  
                      Species Clostridium glycolicum Gaston and Stadtman, 1963 emend. Chamkha et al., 2001  
                      Species Clostridium glycyrrhizinilyticum Sakuma et al., 2006  
                      Species Clostridium grantii Mountfort et al., 1996  
                      Species Clostridium haemolyticum (Hall, 1929) Scott et al., 1935  
                      Species Clostridium halophilum Fendrich et al., 1991  
                      Species Clostridium hathewayi Steer et al., 2002  
                      Species Clostridium herbivorans Varel et al., 1995  
                      Species Clostridium hiranonis Kitahara et al., 2001  
                      Species Clostridium histolyticum (Weinberg and Seguin, 1916) Bergey et al., 1923  
                      Species Clostridium homopropionicum Dörner and Schink, 1991  
                      Species Clostridium hungatei Monserrate et al., 2001  
                      Species Clostridium hydrogeniformans Bowman et al., 2010  
                      Species Clostridium hylemonae Kitahara et al., 2000  
                      Species Clostridium indolis McClung and McCoy, 1957  
                      Species Clostridium innocuum Smith and King, 1962  
                      Species Clostridium intestinale Lee et al., 1989  
                      Species Clostridium irregulare (Choukevitch, 1911) Prevot, 1938  
                      Species Clostridium isatidis Padden et al., 1999  
                      Species Clostridium jejuense Jeong et al., 2004  
                      Species Clostridium josui Sukhumavasi et al., 1988  
                      Species Clostridium kluyveri Barker and Taha, 1942  
                      Species Clostridium lactatifermentans van der Wielen et al., 2002  
                      Species Clostridium lacusfryxellense Spring et al., 2003  
                      Species Clostridium lavalense Domingo et al., 2009  
                      Species Clostridium leptum Moore et al., 1976  
                      Species Clostridium limosum Andre, 1948  
                      Species Clostridium litorale Fendrich et al., 1991  
                      Species Clostridium lituseburense (Laplanche and Saissac, 1948) McClung and McCoy, 1957  
                      Species Clostridium ljungdahlii Tanner et al., 1993  
                      Species Clostridium lundense Cirne et al., 2006  
                      Species Clostridium magnum Schink, 1984  
                      Species Clostridium malenominatum (Weinberg et al., 1937) Spray, 1948  
                      Species Clostridium mangenotii (Prévot and Zimmès-Chaverou, 1947) McClung and McCoy, 1957  
                      Species Clostridium mayombei Kane et al., 1992  
                      Species Clostridium methoxybenzovorans Mechichi et al., 1999  
                      Species Clostridium methylpentosum Himelbloom and Canale-Parola, 1989  
                      Species Clostridium neopropionicum Tholozan et al., 1995  
                      Species Clostridium nexile Holdeman and Moore, 1974  
                      Species Clostridium nitrophenolicum Suresh et al., 2007  
                      Species Clostridium novyi (Migula, 1894) Bergey et al., 1923  
                      Species Clostridium oceanicum Smith, 1970  
                      Species Clostridium oroticum (Wachsman and Barker, 1954) Cato et al., 1968  
                      Species Clostridium papyrosolvens Madden et al., 1982  
                      Species Clostridium paradoxum Li et al., 1993  
                      Species Clostridium paraputrificum (Bienstock, 1906) Snyder, 1936  
                      Species Clostridium pascui Wilde et al., 1997  
                      Species Clostridium pasteurianum Winogradsky, 1895  
                      Species Clostridium peptidivorans Mechichi et al., 2000  
                      Species Clostridium perfringens (Veillon and Zuber, 1898) Hauduroy et al., 1937  
                      Species Clostridium phytofermentans Warnick et al., 2002  
                      Species Clostridium piliforme (ex Tyzzer, 1917) Duncan et al., 1993  
                      Species Clostridium polysaccharolyticum (van Gylswyk, 1981) van Gylswyk et al., 1983  
                      Species Clostridium populeti Sleat and Mah, 1985  
                      Species Clostridium propionicum Cardon and Barker, 1946  
                      Species Clostridium proteolyticum Jain and Zeikus, 1988  
                      Species Clostridium psychrophilum Spring et al., 2003  
                      Species Clostridium puniceum Lund et al., 1981  
                      Species Clostridium purinilyticum Dürre et al., 1981  
                      Species Clostridium putrefaciens (McBryde, 1911) Sturges and Drake, 1927  
                      Species Clostridium quinii Svensson et al., 1995  
                      Species Clostridium ramosum (Veillon and Zuber, 1898) Holdeman et al., 1971  
                      Species Clostridium rectum (Heller, 1922) Holdeman and Moore, 1972  
                      Species Clostridium roseum (ex McCoy and McClung, 1935) Cato et al., 1988  
                      Species Clostridium saccharobutylicum Keis et al., 2001  
                      Species Clostridium saccharogumia Clavel et al., 2007  
                      Species Clostridium saccharolyticum Murray et al., 1982  
                      Species Clostridium saccharoperbutylacetonicum Keis et al., 2001  
                      Species Clostridium sardiniense Prevot, 1938 emend. Wang et al., 2005  
                      Species Clostridium sartagoforme Partansky and Henry, 1935  
                      Species Clostridium scatologenes (Weinberg and Ginsbourg, 1927) Prevot, 1948  
                      Species Clostridium schirmacherense Alam et al., 2006  
                      Species Clostridium scindens Morris et al., 1985  
                      Species Clostridium septicum (Mace, 1889) Ford, 1927  
                      Species Clostridium sordellii (Hall and Scott, 1927) Prévot, 1938  
                      Species Clostridium sphenoides (Douglas et al., 1919) Bergey et al., 1923  
                      Species Clostridium spiroforme Kaneuchi et al., 1979  
                      Species Clostridium sporogenes (Metchnikoff, 1908) Bergey et al., 1923  
                      Species Clostridium sporosphaeroides Soriano and Soriano, 1948  
                      Species Clostridium stercorarium Madden, 1983 emend. Fardeau et al., 2001  
                      Species Clostridium sticklandii Stadtman and McClung, 1957  
                      Species Clostridium straminisolvens Kato et al., 2004  
                      Species Clostridium subterminale (Hall and Whitehead, 1927) Spray, 1948  
                      Species Clostridium sufflavum Nishiyama et al., 2009  
                      Species Clostridium sulfidigenes Sallam and Steinbüchel, 2009  
                      Species Clostridium symbiosum (Stevens, 1956) Kaneuchi et al., 1976  
                      Species Clostridium tagluense Suetin et al., 2009  
                      Species Clostridium tepidiprofundi Slobodkina et al., 2008  
                      Species Clostridium termitidis Hethener et al., 1992  
                      Species Clostridium tertium (Henry, 1917) Bergey et al., 1923  
                      Species Clostridium tetani (Flügge, 1886) Bergey et al., 1923  
                      Species Clostridium tetanomorphum (ex Bulloch et al., 1919) Wilde et al., 1989  
                      Species Clostridium thermoalcaliphilum Li et al., 1994  
                      Species Clostridium thermobutyricum Wiegel et al., 1989  
                      Species Clostridium thermocellum Viljoen et al., 1926  
                      Species Clostridium thermopalmarium Soh et al., 1991  
                      Species Clostridium thermopapyrolyticum Méndez et al., 1991  
                      Species Clostridium thermosuccinogenes Drent et al., 1995  
                      Species Clostridium thiosulfatireducens Hernandez-Eugenio et al., 2002  
                      Species Clostridium tyrobutyricum van Beynum and Pette, 1935  
                      Species Clostridium uliginosum Matthies et al., 2001  
                      Species Clostridium ultunense Schnürer et al., 1996  
                      Species Clostridium vincentii Mountfort et al., 1997  
                      Species Clostridium viride Buckel et al., 1995  
                      Species Clostridium xylanolyticum Rogers and Baecker, 1991 emend. Chamkha et al., 2001  
                      Species Clostridium xylanovorans Mechichi et al., 2000  

  Reference for:    
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: Bacterial Nomenclature up-to-date, website (version Jun 2012)  
  Acquired: 2012   
  Notes: Bacterial Nomenclature up-to-date published by the Leibniz Institute DSMZ-German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Cultures at   
  Reference for: Clostridium   
  Source: DSMZ, Bacterial Nomenclature Up-to-date, website (version 15-Apr-01)  
  Acquired: 2002   
  Notes: Deutsche Sammlung von Mikroorganismen und Zellkulturen GmbH (DSMZ): (   
  Reference for: Clostridium   
  Source: List of Bacterial Names with Standing in Nomenclature, website (version 31-Oct-02)  
  Acquired: 2002   
  Notes: EUZÉBY (J.P.): List of bacterial names with standing in nomenclature: a folder available on the Internet (URL: Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 590-592 [See also]   
  Reference for: Clostridium   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Sneath, Peter H.A., Nicholas S. Mair, M. Elisabeth Sharpe, and John G. Holt (eds.)  
  Publication Date: 1986   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology. vol. 2   
  Publisher: Williams and Wilkins   
  Publication Place: Baltimore, Maryland   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-683-07893-3   
  Reference for: Clostridium   

 Geographic Information
  Geographic Division:    



  Comment: genus (AL)  
    International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology (IJSEM), 1980 30:277: Approved List  



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