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Cebus xanthocephalus  Spix, 1823
Taxonomic Serial No.: 944764

(Download Help) Cebus xanthocephalus TSN 944764

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Species  
  Common Name(s):    
  Valid Name: Sapajus nigritus (Goldfuss, 1809)
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: invalid - other, see comments   
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - minimum standards met  

  Reference for:    
  Other Source(s):    
  Reference for:    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Groves, Colin P.  
  Publication Date: 2001   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Primate Taxonomy   
  Page(s): viii+350   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-872-X   
  Notes: With contributions by Bernadette N. Graham, Adam P. Potter, and Mariana M. Upmeyer   
  Reference for: Cebus xanthocephalus   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 2005   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vol. 1   
  Page(s): xxxv + 743   
  Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press   
  Publication Place: Baltimore, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-8018-8221-4   
  Reference for: Cebus xanthocephalus   

 Geographic Information
  Geographic Division:    



  Comment: Groves (2001) treats xanthocephalus as a junior synonym of nigritus. Anthony Rylands (pers. comm., 24 January 2021) notes that xanthocephalus has a rust-colored chest and no black on the head, while Spix (1823) mentions Wied's xanthosternos as having a yellow chest and black 'points' on the head, and nigritus does not have a rust-colored chest. Rylands also notes that Spix places xanthocephalus in the forests of Rio de Janeiro, while the southern limit to xanthosternos is the Rio Jequitinhonha on the border of Bahia and Minas Gerais, and nigritus occurs south of the Rio Doce in Rio de Janeiro. As the putative gegraphic distribution of xanthocephalus corresponds to nigritus, but the appearance does not, Rylands views xanthocephalus as a nomen dubium  



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