Integrated Taxonomic Information System - Report

Go to Screen Version

Sturnira  Gray, 1842
Taxonomic Serial No.: 631362

(Download Help) Sturnira TSN 631362

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Genus  
  Synonym(s): Sturnira (Sturnira) Gray, 1842
    Sturnira (Corvira) Thomas, 1915
  Common Name(s):    
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: complete   
  Latest Record Review: 2021   

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                      ClassMammalia Linnaeus, 1758 – mammifères, mamífero, mammals  
                         SubclassTheria Parker and Haswell, 1897  
                            InfraclassEutheria Gill, 1872  
                               OrderChiroptera Blumenbach, 1779 – morcego, quiróptero, bats  
                                  SuborderYangochiroptera Koopman, 1984  
                                     SuperfamilyNoctilionoidea Gray, 1821  
                                        FamilyPhyllostomidae Gray, 1825 – New World leaf-nosed bats  
                                           SubfamilyStenodermatinae Gervais, 1856  
                                              TribeSturnirini Miller, 1907 – yellow-shouldered bats  
                                                 GenusSturnira Gray, 1842  
    Direct Children:  
                                                    SpeciesSturnira adrianae Molinari, Bustos, Burneo, Camacho, Moreno and Fermín, 2017 – Adriana's Yellow-shouldered Bat 
                                                    SpeciesSturnira angeli de la Torre, 1966 – Dominica Yellow-shouldered Bat 
                                                    SpeciesSturnira aratathomasi Peterson and Tamsitt, 1968 – Aratathomas's Yellow-shouldered Bat, Arata-Thomas Yellow-shouldered Bat 
                                                    SpeciesSturnira bakeri Velazco and Patterson, 2014 – Baker's Yellow-shouldered Bat 
                                                    SpeciesSturnira bidens (Thomas, 1915) – Bidentate Yellow-shouldered Bat 
                                                    SpeciesSturnira bogotensis Shamel, 1927 – Bogotan Yellow-shouldered Bat, Bogota Yellow-shouldered Bat 
                                                    SpeciesSturnira burtonlimi Velazco and Patterson, 2014 – Burton's Yellow-shouldered Bat 
                                                    SpeciesSturnira erythromos (Tschudi, 1844) – Hairy Yellow-shouldered Bat 
                                                    SpeciesSturnira giannae Velazco and Patterson, 2019 – Gianna's Yellow-shouldered Bat 
                                                    SpeciesSturnira hondurensis Goodwin, 1940 – Honduran Yellow-shouldered Bat 
                                                    SpeciesSturnira koopmanhilli McCarthy, Albuja V. and Alberico, 2006 – Choco Yellow-shouldered Bat 
                                                    SpeciesSturnira lilium (E. Geoffroy, 1810) – Little Yellow-shouldered Bat 
                                                    SpeciesSturnira ludovici Anthony, 1924 – Highland Yellow-shouldered Bat 
                                                    SpeciesSturnira luisi Davis, 1980 – Luis's Yellow-shouldered Bat 
                                                    SpeciesSturnira magna de la Torre, 1966 – Greater Yellow-shouldered Bat 
                                                    SpeciesSturnira mistratensis Vega and Cadena, 2000 – Mistratoan Yellow-shouldered Bat 
                                                    SpeciesSturnira mordax (Goodwin, 1938) – Talamancan Yellow-shouldered Bat 
                                                    SpeciesSturnira nana Gardner and O'Neill, 1971 – Lesser Yellow-shouldered Bat 
                                                    SpeciesSturnira oporaphilum (Tschudi, 1844) – Tschudi's Yellow-shouldered Bat 
                                                    SpeciesSturnira parvidens Goldman, 1917 – Northern Yellow-shouldered Bat 
                                                    SpeciesSturnira paulsoni de la Torre, 1966 – Paulson's Yellow-shouldered Bat 
                                                    SpeciesSturnira perla Jarrín-Valladares and Kunz, 2011 – Perla Yellow-shouldered Bats 
                                                    SpeciesSturnira sorianoi Sánchez-Hernández, Romero-Almaraz and Schnell, 2005 – Soriano's Yellow-shouldered Bat 
                                                    SpeciesSturnira tildae de la Torre, 1959 – Tilda Yellow-shouldered Bat, Tilda's Yellow-shouldered Bat 

  Expert: Don E. Wilson   
  Notes: Smithsonian Institution, MRC 108 Washington DC 20560-0108   
  Reference for: Sturnira    
  Other Source(s):    
  Reference for:    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Baker, Robert J., Steven R. Hoofer, Calvin A. Porter, and Ronald A. Van Den Bussche   
  Publication Date: 2003   
  Article/Chapter Title: Diversification among New World Leaf-nosed Bats: an evolutionary hypothesis and classification inferred from digenomic congruence of DNA sequence   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Occasional Papers of the Museum of Texas Tech University, no. 230   
  Page(s): 1-32   
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 0149-175X   
  Notes: Available online at   
  Reference for: Sturnira   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Cirranello, Andrea, Nancy B. Simmons, Sergio Solari, and Robert J. Baker   
  Publication Date: 2016   
  Article/Chapter Title: Morphological diagnoses of higher-level phyllostomid taxa (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae)   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Acta Chiropterologica, vol. 18, no. 1   
  Page(s): 39-71   
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 1508-1109   
  Notes: doi: 10.3161/15081109ACC2016.18.1.002   
  Reference for: Sturnira   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Gardner, Alfred L., ed.   
  Publication Date: 2008   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammals of South America, Vol. 1: Marsupials, Xenarthrans, Shrews, and Bats   
  Page(s): xx + 669   
  Publisher: University of Chicaco Press   
  Publication Place: Chicago, Illinois, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-226-28240-6   
  Reference for: Sturnira   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Simmons, Nancy B. / Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.   
  Publication Date: 2005   
  Article/Chapter Title: Order Chiroptera   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2   
  Page(s): 312-529   
  Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press   
  Publication Place: Baltimore, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-8018-8221-4   
  Notes: Corrections were made to text at 3rd printing   
  Reference for: Sturnira   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Velazco, Paúl M., and Bruce D. Patterson   
  Publication Date: 2013   
  Article/Chapter Title: Diversification of the Yellow-shouldered Bats, genus Sturnira (Chiroptera, Phyllostomidae), in the New World tropics   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, vol. 68, no. 3   
  Page(s): 683-698   
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 1055-7903   
  Notes: DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2013.04.016   
  Reference for: Sturnira   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, D. E., and R. A. Mittermeier, eds.   
  Publication Date: 2019   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Handbook of the Mammals of the World. Vol. 9: Bats   
  Page(s): 1008   
  Publisher: Lynx Edicions   
  Publication Place: Barcelona, Spain   
  ISBN/ISSN: 978-84-16728190   
  Reference for: Sturnira   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.   
  Publication Date: 1993   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing   
  Page(s): xviii + 1207   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-217-9   
  Notes: Corrections were made to text at 3rd printing   
  Reference for: Sturnira   

 Geographic Information
  Geographic Division:    



  Comment: Comments: Includes Corvira; see Jones and Carter (1976). Davis (1980) gave a key to all but one of the species recognized here. Two subgenera are recognized, Sturnira and Corvira. Phylogenies of the genus have been proposed by Pacheco and Patterson (1991) and Villalobos and Valerio (2002)  



Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and up-to-date information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in provisions of treaties to which the United States is a party, wildlife statutes, regulations, and any applicable notices that have been published in the Federal Register. For further information on U.S. legal requirements with respect to protected taxa, please contact the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

A gray bar