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Panulirus  White, 1847
Taxonomic Serial No.: 97647

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 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Genus  
  Common Name(s):    
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: complete   
  Latest Record Review: 2021   

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria  – triploblasts  
             PhylumArthropoda  – Artrópode, arthropodes, arthropods  
                SubphylumCrustacea Brünnich, 1772 – crustacés, crustáceo, crustaceans  
                   ClassMalacostraca Latreille, 1802  
                      SubclassEumalacostraca Grobben, 1892  
                         SuperorderEucarida Calman, 1904 – camarão, caranguejo, ermitão, lagosta, siri  
                            OrderDecapoda Latreille, 1802 – crabs, crayfishes, lobsters, prawns, shrimp, crabes, crevettes, écrevisses, homards  
                               SuborderPleocyemata Burkenroad, 1963  
                                  InfraorderAchelata Scholtz and Richter, 1995  
                                     FamilyPalinuridae Latreille, 1802 – spiny lobsters, furry lobsters  
                                        GenusPanulirus White, 1847  
    Direct Children:  
                                           Species Panulirus argus (Latreille, 1804) – Caribbean spiny lobster 
                                           Species Panulirus brunneiflagellum Sekiguchi and George, 2005  
                                           Species Panulirus cygnus George, 1962 – Australian spiny lobster 
                                           Species Panulirus echinatus S. I. Smith, 1869 – brown spiny lobster 
                                           Species Panulirus femoristriga (von Martens, 1872)  
                                           Species Panulirus gracilis Streets, 1871 – green spiny lobster 
                                           Species Panulirus guttatus (Latreille, 1804) – spotted spiny lobster 
                                           Species Panulirus homarus (Linnaeus, 1758) – scalloped spiny lobster 
                                           Species Panulirus inflatus (Bouvier, 1895) – blue spiny lobster 
                                           Species Panulirus interruptus (J. W. Randall, 1840) – California spiny lobster 
                                           Species Panulirus japonicus (Von Siebold, 1824) – Japanese spiny lobster 
                                           Species Panulirus laevicauda (Latreille, 1817) – smoothtail spiny lobster 
                                           Species Panulirus longipes (A. Milne-Edwards, 1868) – longlegged spiny lobster 
                                           Species Panulirus marginatus (Quoy and Gaimard, 1825) – banded spiny lobster 
                                           Species Panulirus ornatus (Fabricius, 1798) – ornate spiny lobster 
                                           Species Panulirus pascuensis Reed, 1954 – Easter Island spiny lobster 
                                           Species Panulirus penicillatus (Olivier, 1791) – pronghorn spiny lobster, ula hiwa 
                                           Species Panulirus polyphagus (Herbst, 1793) – mud spiny lobster 
                                           Species Panulirus regius De Brito Capello, 1864 – royal spiny lobster 
                                           Species Panulirus stimpsoni Holthuis, 1963 – Chinese spiny lobster 
                                           Species Panulirus versicolor (Latreille, 1804) – painted spiny lobster 

  Reference for:    
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Reference for: Panulirus   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Chan, Tim-Yam / Radhakrishnan, E. V., Bruce F. Phillips, and Gopalakrishnan Achamveetil, eds.  
  Publication Date: 2019   
  Article/Chapter Title: Updated Checklist of the World's Marine Lobsters   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Lobsters: Biology, Fisheries and Aquaculture   
  Page(s): 35-64   
  Publisher: Springer   
  Publication Place: Singapore   
  ISBN/ISSN: 978-981-32-90938   
  Notes: doi: 10.1007/978-981-32-9094-5_2   
  Reference for: Panulirus   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Chan, Tin-Yam  
  Publication Date: 2010   
  Article/Chapter Title: Annotated checklist of the world's marine lobsters (Crustacea: Decapoda: Astacidea, Glypheidea, Achelata, Polychelida)   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, suppl. 23   
  Page(s): 153-181   
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 0217-2445   
  Notes: Available online at   
  Reference for: Panulirus   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): De Grave, Sammy, N. Dean Pentchef, Shane T. Ahyong, Tin-Yam Cha, Keith A. Crandall, et al.  
  Publication Date: 2009   
  Article/Chapter Title: A classification of living and fossil genera of decapod crustaceans   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, suppl. 21   
  Page(s): 1-109   
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 0217-2445   
  Notes: Available online at   
  Reference for: Panulirus   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Holthuis, L. B.  
  Publication Date: 1991   
  Article/Chapter Title: Marine Lobsters of the World: An Annotated and Illustrated Catalogue of Species of Interest to Fisheries Known to Date   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: FAO Fisheries Synopsis, no. 125, vol. 13   
  Page(s): viii + 292   
  Publisher: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations   
  Publication Place: Rome, Italy   
  ISBN/ISSN: 92-5-103027-8   
  Reference for: Panulirus   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Williams, Austin B.  
  Publication Date: 1984   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Shrimps, Lobsters, and Crabs of the Atlantic Coast of the Eastern United States, Maine to Florida   
  Page(s): xviii + 550   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-87474-960-3   
  Reference for: Panulirus   

 Geographic Information
  Geographic Division:    






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